Mini Keypad

For a couple of the projects I have been working on its really important to have a small numeric keypad to allow for very simple data entry.

After spending hours/weeks/months trawling the internet I came across a very cool little bit of kit called the ProMicro from the good people at sparkfun.com. The Pro Micro is a little, Arduino-compatible microcontroller centered around an ATmega32U4, coming complete with a USB transceiver.

pro_micro

At this point massive thanks have to go to Jim Lindblom, who after a quick google I discovered had written the Arduino sketch that I required to get the miniature keypad off the ground, a few changes here and there to change the buttons around as I wanted a “decimal point” and a “backspace” key for my project, then a minor change to the pin layouts as I wanted this to be a very neat little package to fit inside my casing.

A quick eBay search found some much cheaper versions of the ProMicro if your willing to wait for them to come in from China, hence the one now connected directly to the back of the key pad is Blue rather than sparkfun Red! As you can see from the photos, I now have a very compact USB numeric keypad 🙂

mini_keypad mini_keypad_1

Anyways here is my update to Jim’s code if your intrested

/* keyPadHiduino Example Code
   by: Jim Lindblom
   date: January 5, 2012
   license: MIT license. If you find this code useful, please
   feel free to use this code however you'd like, commercially 
   or otherwise. Just keep this license on there whatever you do.

   This code implements a 12-key USB keypad. You can type 0-9,
   * is the decimal point and the # key is delete. 

   Rows and columns are connected as such:
   -------------
   | 1 | 2 | 3 | - 3
   | 4 | 5 | 6 | - 8
   | 7 | 8 | 9 | - 7
   | * | 0 | # | - 5
   -------------
     |   |   |
     4   2   6
*/
// Pins 1-7 of the keypad connected to the Arduino respectively:
int keypadPins[7] = {6, 7, 8, 9, 5, 4, 3};
int keypadStatus;  // Used to monitor which buttons are pressed.
int timeout;  // timeout variable used in loop

void setup()
{
  for (int i=0; i<7; i++)
  {
    pinMode(keypadPins[i], INPUT);  // Set all keypad pins as inputs
    digitalWrite(keypadPins[i], HIGH);  // pull all keypad pins high
  }
}

void loop()
{
  keypadStatus = getKeypadStatus();  // read which buttons are pressed
  if (keypadStatus != 0)  // If a button is pressed go into here
  {
    sendKeyPress(keypadStatus);  // send the button over USB
    timeout = 2000;  // top of the repeat delay
    while ((getKeypadStatus() == keypadStatus) && (--timeout))  // Decrement timeout and check if key is being held down
      delayMicroseconds(1);
    while (getKeypadStatus() == keypadStatus)  // while the same button is held down
    {
      sendKeyPress(keypadStatus);  // continue to send the button over USB
      delay(50);  // 50ms repeat rate
    }
  }
}

/* sendKeyPress(int key): This function sends a single key over USB
   It requires an int, of which the 12 LSbs are used. Each bit in
   key represents a single button on the keypad.
   This function will only send a key press if a single button
   is being pressed */
void sendKeyPress(int key)
{
  switch(key)
  {
    case 1:  // 0x001
      Keyboard.write('1');  // Sends a keyboard '1'
      break;
    case 2:  // 0x002
      Keyboard.write('2');
      break;
    case 4:  // 0x004
      Keyboard.write('3');
      break;
    case 8:  // 0x008
      Keyboard.write('4');
      break;
    case 16:  // 0x010
      Keyboard.write('5');
      break;
    case 32:  // 0x020
      Keyboard.write('6');
      break;
    case 64:  // 0x040
      Keyboard.write('7');
      break;
    case 128:  // 0x080
      Keyboard.write('8');
      break;
    case 256:  // 0x100
      Keyboard.write('9');
      break;
    case 512:  // 0x200
      Keyboard.write('.');   // Sends a keyboard '.'
      break;
    case 1024:  // 0x400
      Keyboard.write('0');  // Sends a keyboard '0'
      break;
    case 2048:  // 0x800
      Keyboard.write('\b');  // Sends the 'Backspace' key
      break;
  }
}

/* getKeypadStatus(): This function returns an int that represents
the status of the 12-button keypad. Only the 12 LSb's of the return
value hold any significange. Each bit represents the status of a single
key on the button pad. '1' is bit 0, '2' is bit 1, '3' is bit 2, ..., 
'#' is bit 11.

This function doesn't work for multitouch.
*/
int getKeypadStatus()
{
  int rowPins[4] = {keypadPins[2], keypadPins[6], keypadPins[5], keypadPins[0]};  // row pins are 2, 7, 6, and 1 of the keypad
  int columnPins[3] = {keypadPins[1], keypadPins[3], keypadPins[4]};  // column pins are pins 2, 4, and 5 of the keypad
  int keypadStatus = 0;  // this will be what's returned
  
  /* initialize all pins, inputs w/ pull-ups */
  for (int i=0; i<7; i++)
  {
    pinMode(keypadPins[i], INPUT);
    digitalWrite(keypadPins[i], HIGH);
  }
  
  for (int row=0; row<4; row++)
  {  // initial for loop to check all 4 rows
    pinMode(rowPins[row], OUTPUT);  // set the row pin as an output
    digitalWrite(rowPins[row], LOW);  // pull the row pins low
    for (int col=0; col<3; col++)
    {  // embedded for loop to check all 3 columns of each row
      if (!digitalRead(columnPins[col]))
      {
        keypadStatus |= 1 << ((row+1)*3 + (col+1) - 4);  // set the status bit of the keypad return value
      }
    }
    pinMode(rowPins[row], INPUT);  // reset the row pin as an input
    digitalWrite(rowPins[row], HIGH);  // pull the row pin high
  }
  
  return keypadStatus;
}

UM

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